is located in the Souhtwest Pacific
, it is the second largest island on the Earth.
The island is shared by Indonesia
(occupying the western part) and Papua New Guinea
(eastern part), the two parts being roughly equal in area.
New Guinea is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean on the north, the Solomon Sea on the east, the Arafura Sea and Coral Sea on the south, and the Indonesian Archipelago and its seas on the west.