Oceania Maps

Oceania

Physical map of Oceania

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Getting An Insight Into The Geography Of Oceania

Oceania is the name given to the region comprising of groups of islands in the Central and South Pacific Ocean. The continental region lies between Asia and America with Australia as the major landmass. The name Oceania is used instead of Australia because the ocean links the nations together. It is the smallest continent considering land area and second least populous after Antarctica.

Spanning over 3.3 million square miles, it comprises of several countries. These countries include Australia, New Zealand, Samoa, Fiji, Tonga, Tuvalu, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Nauru, the Marshall Islands and Kiribati. Apart from that, it even includes several territories like Johnson Atoll, American Samoa and French Polynesia. Many scientists and geographers do not consider the sub division as correct, and they tend to partition the continent of Oceania into Near Oceania and Remote Oceania.

The Physical Geography

As far as, the physical geography is concerned, the islands here are often divided into different sub-regions. This division is made of the basis of geologic processes that played a role in their physical development.

Australia is separated because of its location and also the fact that there was no mountain building during the process of development. The current physical landscape of the country was formed by erosion.

The second categories of sub regions are the island found due to the collision of plates and are located mainly in the South Pacific. These include the Solomon Islands, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. Even the north Pacific portion features a similar landscape resulting in the formation of mountains in New Zealand.

Fiji is a volcanic island that belongs to the third category of landscape types in Oceania. They rise from the sea floor through hotspots.

The coral reef islands belong to the final category and include Tuvalu.

Oceania countries

Countries and territories of Oceania

The Flora And Fauna

The climate of most of Oceania is tropical or temperate, due to which there is a huge amount of rainfall. This in turn results in tropical rainforests located near the tropics. Temperate rainforests are found in New Zealand. There is a huge array of plants and animal species in both these types of forests making it one of the most bio-diverse regions of the world.

However, not the entire part of Oceania receives heavy rainfall. Some portions remain arid or semi-arid like Australia. There are large areas of arid lands with little or no vegetation. Even the fauna is extremely diverse. It boasts of unique species of birds, insects and animals. The presence of Coral reefs like the Great Barrier Reef also represents the rich biodiversity and some of these are even considered as hotspots.

Economy

Fishing and tourism are important source of economy and development of Oceania. Fishing amounts to significant revenues because of the exclusive economic zones. Some of these even extend for 200 nautical miles. Tourism is also important in islands like Fiji to offer an idea of the natural beauties. Currently, New Zealand has also started emphasizing on its ecotourism.

Other maps of Oceania and related maps

Australia physical map

New Zealand physical map

New Zealand map

Papua New Guinea physical map

Pacific Ocean map

Mariana Trench map

New Guinea map

Oceania political map
Oceania political map
Oceania blank map
Oceania blank map
Oceania physical map
Oceania physical map
Oceania HD relief
Oceania HD relief map
Oceania blank map
Oceania blank map with countries
Customized Oceania maps
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