Noted for its majestic Himalayas, which in Sanskrit means the abode of snow, Nepal is very mountainous and hilly. Its shape is roughly rectangular, about 650 kilometers long and about 200 kilometers wide, and comprises a total of 147,181 square kilometers of land. Nepal has great physical diversity, ranging from the Tarai Plain--the northern rim of the Gangetic Plain situated at about 300 meters above sea level in the south--to the almost 8,800-meter-high Mt. Everest, locally known as Sagarmatha (its Nepali name), in the north.
Eight of the top ten highest mountains in the world are located in Nepal. Kangchenjunga, the world's third highest peak is also located on its eastern border with Sikkim.
Nepal Physical Map
Physical map of Nepal, equirectangular projection
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Nepal physical features
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