Physical map of Uzbekistan
Information about the geography of UzbekistanUzbekistans topography is diverse. Almost 80 percent of the surface is desert, dominated by the Qizilqum (Kyzyl Kum) Desert of the north central part of the country. The mountains of the far southeast and far northeast, which are foothills of the Tian Shan Range, reach 4500 meters in elevation. In the northeast, the Fergana Valley, which is the countrys center of population, agriculture, and industry, is 200 to 500 meters above sea level, surrounded by mountain ranges, and intersected by the Syr Darya River. The far west is dominated by the Turan Lowland, the Amu Darya valley, and the southern half of the shrinking Aral Sea.
Tashkent is the capital city. Highest point is the Adelunga Toghi at 4301 m.