Physical map of Ghana
Information about the geography of GhanaGhana lies in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea. The country is mainly flat with a hilly coastal plain. The River Volta is Ghana's longest river. The Akosombo hydroelectric dam, built in 1964, created Lake Volta, one of the world's largest artificial lakes.
Low plains stretch across the southern part of the country. To their north lie three regions the Ashanti Uplands, the Akwapim-Togo Ranges, and the Volta Basin. The fifth region, the high plains, occupies the northern and northwestern sector of the country. Highest point is Mount Afadjato rising 880 meters above sea level.
Accra is the capital city. Other important places are Takoradi, Kumasi and Tamale.