Between 57.3 and 59.5 latitude and 21.5 and 28.1 longitude, Estonia
lies on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea
on the level northwestern part of the rising east European platform. It borders the Gulf of Finland
, between Latvia and Russia. Average elevation reaches only 50m (160 ft).
Over one and a half thousand islands belong to Estonia including Saaremaa, Hiiumaa, Muhu and Vormsi.
Tallinn is the capital city and Estonia's main port. Other cities include Tartu, Narva, Parnu, Haapsalu, Viljandi, Johvi, Rakvere, Sillamae, Kuressaare, Voru, Paide and Valga.
Estonia has a number of rivers, the longest are Vohandu (162 km), Parnu (144 km) and Poltsamaa (135 km). However, the average discharge of the Narva River on the northeastern border with Russia exeeds that of all other streams combined. Other rivers most abounding in water are Emajogi, Parnu and Kasari.
Estonia's terrain is mostly low-lying, with undulating hills in the South-East. Suur Munamagi, in Haanja Upland, is the country's highest point (318 m above sea level).