Physical map of Bosnia Herzegovina, equirectangular projection
Bosnia is located in the western Balkans, bordering Croatia to the north and south-west, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the south. The country is mostly mountainous, encompassing the central Dinaric Alps. The northeastern parts reach into the Pannonian basin, while in the south it almost borders the Adriatic.
The major cities are the capital Sarajevo, Banja Luka in the northwest region known as Bosanska Krajina, Tuzla in the northeast and Mostar, the capital of Herzegovina.