is situated south of the USA
bordering on the states of Texas
, New Mexico, Arizona and California. To the south lie the Central American countries of Guatemala
. The Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea are off the east of the country with the Pacific Ocean on the west. The long narrow peninsula of Baja California
extends into the Pacific.
Two prominent mountain ranges - the Sierra Madre Occidental
and the Sierra Madre Oriental
- define northern Mexico.
Several important mountain ranges dominate the landscape of southern and southeastern Mexico. The Sierra Madre del Sur
extends 1,200 kilometers along Mexico's southern coast from the southwestern part of the Cordillera Neovolcánica
to the nearly flat isthmus of Tehuantepec.
is the capital of Mexico, with Guadalajara ranking as the second city. Other important cities are Ciudad Juarez, Mazatlan, Mexicali, Monterrey, Puebla Merida, San Luis Potosi, Tampico, Torreon and Veracruz.