is the largest and most populous constituent country of the United Kingdom
, comprising the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, plus offshore islands, including the Isle of Wight
and Isle of Man
England is bordered by Wales
on the west and by Scotland
on the north.
Most of England consists of rolling hills, but it is more mountainous in the north with a chain of low mountains, the Pennines
, on the River Thames
, is the capital of England and the United Kingdom as well. Other important cities in England are Birmingham,
Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Southampton, Plymouth, Bristol, Nottingham and Sheffield amongst many others.
Major rivers are the Thames, Severn
(the longest one), Ouse, Trent, Tyne and Mersey.