The Republic of Portugal
is located on the west of the Iberian Peninsula
: its land borders are with Spain and it has a long Atlantic coastline. The islands of Madeira
and the Azores
(a group of nine islands) belong to Portugal.
Northern Portugal is mainly wild and rugged. The country's main rivers are the Minho
, which marks the northern border with Spain, the Douro
and the Tagus
. To the south of the Tagus there are wild areas of flat land which are the country's main crop-growing region. The coastline, though rocky in places, is well supplied with sandy beaches, particularly in the south.
Portugal's capital city is Lisbon
. Oporto or Porto is the second city and a major port.
Political map of Portugal