The Republic of Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) is a small country in South Eastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula and is bordered by Greece, Albania, Serbia and Montenegro and Bulgaria.
The Republic of Macedonia encompasses only a part of the wider geographical region of Macedonia. The remainder is divided between neighbouring Greece (with about half of the total), Bulgaria (with under a tenth) and Albania.
Skopje is the capital city. Bitola is Macedonia's second largest city.
The terrain is mostly rugged, located between the Šar and Rhodope mountains around the valley of the Vardar river. Three large lakes - Lake Ohrid, Lake Prespa and Lake Doiran - lie on the southern borders of the Republic, bisected by the frontiers with Albania and Greece.