Physical map of Haiti
Information about the geography of HaitiHaiti occupies the western third of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. Shaped like a horseshoe on its side, Haiti has two main peninsulas, one in the north and one in the south. Between the peninsulas is the Ile de la Gonâve.
The mainland of Haiti has three regions: the northern region, which includes the northern peninsula; the central region; and the southern region, which includes the southern peninsula. In addition, Haiti controls several nearby islands.
The northern region consists of the Massif du Nord (Northern Massif) and the Plaine du Nord (Northern Plain).
The central region consists of two plains and two sets of mountain ranges. The Plateau Central (Central Plateau) extends along both sides of the Guayamouc River, south of the Massif du Nord.
To the southwest of the Plateau Central are the Montagnes Noires, with elevations of up to approximately 600 meters. The mountains of the southern peninsula, an extension of the southern mountain chain of the Dominican Republic (the Sierra de Baoruco), extend from the Massif de la Selle in the east to the Massif de la Hotte in the west. The range's highest peak, the Pic de la Selle, is the highest point in Haiti, rising to an altitude of 2715 meters.
Port-au-Prince is the capital. Other towns and cities include Cap-Haitien, Les Cayes and Gonaives.
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