Pakistan a land of wonders and beauty came into being as an independent sovereign state on 14th August 1947 after the British rule of about 100 years. In 1930 the renowned poet Allama Iqbal imagined of a separate state for the Muslims majority of Sub-continent after that resolution of Pakistan passed on 23rd March 1940 and with seven years of hard work and excellent leadership Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-e-Azam) emerged Pakistan on world’s map.
The land area is about 881,888 sq.km which comprises of Punjab, Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Baluchistan, Federal Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. The population is about 177 million with 95% Muslims & 5% others. The national language of the country is Urdu however other various languages like Pushto, Punjabi, and Sindhi etc. are also spoken in different regions of Pakistan.
The country is one of the most ancient land known to mankind and its history is about 2500 years B.C old with early established civilizations of Indus Valley, Kot Diji, Harappa and Mohenjodaro. Pakistan is a treasure-house Muslim & Mughal heritage, its cultural capital Lahore is situated on River Ravi’s bank. All the precious and ancient monuments built during Mughal Empire are in Lahore like Royal Fort, Masjid Wazir Khan, Badshahi Masjid, and Shalimar Garden etc. Pakistanis are a mixture of Harappa, Iranian, Afghan, Arab and Aryan heritage.
Pakistan is located between a longitude of about 61 & 75 degree East and latitude 24 & 37 degree North. The country is surrounded by Iran in west, Afghanistan by north-west, Arabian Sea to the south, China to north-east & India by south-east. The landscape of Pakistan is full of unlimited mountain ranges like Karakoram, Hindukush, & Himalaya with heights from 1000-8000 meters. These mountains fascinate the climbers and adventurers from all around the earth especially K2. The northern areas of Pakistan have one of the most beautiful lands on the earth Swat, Kalam, Chitral, Hunza, Kaghan valleys are worth visiting. Moreover there is a series of extensive biggest mass glaciers like Siachen, Trich, Hispar etc. can also be found in Pakistan. On the other hand southern and central part of the country consists of barren desserts & plains.