Physical map of Afghanistan
Information about the geography of AfghanistanAfghanistan is located in Central Asia and specifically upon the geologic Iranian plateau. The country is landlocked and mountainous, containing the south-western ranges of the Hindu Kush. There are four major rivers in the country: Amu Darya, Hari Rud, the Kabul and Helmand Rivers.
Kabul is the capital city. Other principal cities include Kandahar, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif.
Afghanistan's climate is arid to semiarid. It has cold winters and dry, hot summers, depending on altitude.